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Glossary

Glossary

TERM DEFINITION
Activation The commencement of a process or activity in response to a trigger. An activation is not a declaration, nor is it dependent on the declaration of a disaster situation (see definition for declaration). For example, activation of relief measure, as detailed in the Queensland Disaster Relief and Recovery Arrangements.
Alert A level of activation: a heightened level of vigilance due to the possibility of an event in the area of responsibility. Some action may be required. The situation should be monitored by someone capable of assessing the potential threat.
All Hazards Approach This approach assumes that the functions and activities applicable to one hazard are most likely applicable to a range of hazards and consequently, a disaster management plan captures the functions and activities applicable to all hazards. 
Annual Report A written report described under s44 of the Disaster Management Act 2003, prepared by the State group about disaster management in the State.
Anthropogenic hazards Human-induced hazards which are induced entirely or predominantly by human activities and choices. (United Nations Office for Disaster Risk Reduction, 2017)
Assembly Point A designated location specifically selected as a point which is not anticipated to be adversely affected by a hazard.
Campaign A single approved message sent to telephone numbers through Emergency Alert in response to an event.
Campaign Area The geographical area approved by the Emergency Management Person to where Campaigns will be sent.
Capability The ability to achieve a desired effect in a specific environment/context. 
Capacity The combination of all the strengths, attributes and resources available within an organisation, community or society to manage and reduce disaster risks and strengthen resilience. Capacity may include infrastructure, institutions, human knowledge and skills, and collective attributes such as social relationships, leadership and management. 
Chairperson The person appointed under the Disaster Management Act 2003 as the Chairperson of a disaster management group. 
Chief Executive The chief executive of the department, as referred to in s16A of the Disaster Management Act 2003, currently the Commissioner, Queensland Fire and Emergency Services.  
Chief Executive Officer Queensland Government Departments are led by Directors-General, who are effectively the Chief Executive Officers.
Common Alerting Protocol Provides a digital message format for all types of alerts and notifications and can be used for Emergency Alert messages.
Community A group with a commonality of association and generally defined by location, shared experience, or function.
A social group which has a number of things in common, such as chared experience, locality, culture, heritage, language, ethnicity, pastimes, occupation, workplaceetc. 
Community Mobilisation When Community members provide self-activated, uncoordinated emergent community response and recovery in a disaster event (e.g. friends, families and neighbours volunteering to help themselves and others through their interpersonal relationships and their socioeconomic connections). 
Comprehensive Approach The development of emergency and disaster arrangements to embrace the aspects of prevention, preparedness, response and recovery (PPRR).  PPRR as aspects of emergency management, not sequential phases.
Consequence The outcome or impact of an event and may be expressed qualitatively or quantitatively. There can be more than one consequence from an event. Consequences are generally described as the effects on people, society, the environment and the economy. (Geoscience Australia)
Contingency Plan A plan developed to assist with managing a gap in capability to ensure services are maintained. This plan describes organised and coordinated courses of action with clearly identified institutional roles and resources, information processes and operational arrangements for specific actions at times of need.  Contingency planning can be done as deliberate planning or immediate planning as it seeks to address gaps on an as needs basis.
Coordination The bringing together of organisations to ensure effective disaster management before, during and after an event. It is primarily concerned with systematic acquisition and application of resources (people, material, equipment, etc.) in accordance with priorities set by disaster management groups. Coordination operates horizontally across organisations and agencies.
Coordination Centre A centre established at State, district or local government level as a centre of communication and coordination during times of disaster operations. 
Council to Council A streamlined method for providing assistance from one local government group to another within Queensland’s disaster management arrangements. 
Critical infrastructure The physical structures, facilities, networks and other assets which provide services that are essential to the social and economic functioning of a community or society. 
Damage Assessment The process of collecting quantifiable data that enables the assessment of the impact of an event. Data collected could be used to inform Impact Assessments.
Impact Assessment The analysis of the consequences of an event, including psychosocial (emotional and social), economic, natural and built environment.
Debrief A meeting at the end of an operation with the purpose of assessing the conduct or results of an operation.
Declaration of a Disaster Situation The formal procedure to enable declared disaster powers under the Disaster Management Act 2003 (s64-s69) as required. Specific powers may be used to prevent or minimise loss of life, injury or damage.
Declaration of an Emergency Situation An emergency situation declared under the Public Safety Preservations Act 1986 (s5).
Declared area
Declared

Disaster Officer
·         For a disaster situation declared under s64(l) of the Disaster Management Act 2003 - the disaster district, or the part of the disaster district, for which the disaster situation is declared; or
·         For a disaster situation declared under s69 of the Disaster Management Act 2003 - the State or, if the disaster situation is declared for a part of the State, the part.
For a disaster situation, means:
·         a police officer; or
·         a person authorised under s75(l) of the Disaster Management Act 2003 to exercise declared disaster powers for the disaster situation
Declared disaster powers Means the powers of a district disaster coordinator or a declared disaster officer under s77 and s78 of the Disaster Management Act 2003.
Defence Assistance to the Civil Community Emergency defence assistance provided by the Australian Government where a disaster is actually or potentially of such a magnitude that state or territory resources are inadequate, unavailable or unable to be mobilised quickly.
Deliberate Planning A process to develop plans prior to events or situations which may require a disaster response and recovery, to enable an organised and coordinated approach to the required response and recovery.
Deputy Chairperson The person appointed under the Disaster Management Act 2003 as the Deputy Chairperson of a disaster management group.
Diagram Illustrates diagrammatically how a function or operation should occur e.g. process diagram.
Directed Evacuation Also known as compulsory evacuation is where a relevant government agency has exercised a legislated power that requires people to evacuate. A directed evacuation under the Act requires the declaration of a disaster situation. A DDC may declare a disaster situation which requires the approval of the Minister for Fire and Emergency Services and must be made in accordance with section 65 of the Act. During a disaster situation, the DDC and Declared Disaster Officers are provided with additional powers under sections 77-78 of the Act. These powers may be required to give effect to a directed evacuation. A LDC, as part of the LDMG, may make a recommendation to a DDC that a directed evacuation is required, based on their situational awareness in preparation for an imminent disaster. However, as the LDMG/LDC has no legislative power to effect a directed evacuation, the responsibility for authorising a directed evacuation remains with the DDC.  When an evacuation is directed, general advice and direction will be provided in relation to timings, places of shelter, location and preferred evacuation routes.
Disaster  A serious disruption in a community, caused by the impact of an event, that requires a significant coordinated response by the State and other entities to help the community recover from the disruption.
Disaster District A defined area referred to as a ‘Disaster District’, each district comprises one or more local government areas. Each Disaster District is established to provide disaster management and operations support to its associated local government area/s.
Disaster Management  Arrangements about managing the potential adverse effects of an event, including, for example, arrangements for mitigating, preventing, preparing for, responding to and recovering from a disaster. 
Disaster Management Group Means the state group, a district group or a local group.
Disaster Management Plan  The State group, district groups and local groups must prepare a plan (State Disaster Management Plan, District Disaster Management Plan and Local Disaster Management Plan) for disaster management in the State, disaster district and local government's area respectively.
Disaster Management Portal A secure information hub for state, district and local groups; which provides information and publications pertaining to Disaster Management planning, preparedness, response and recovery. 
Disaster Management Stakeholder Any individual, group, corporation, business, organisation, agency, who may affect or be affected by a decision, activity or outcome of disasters or hazards and the approach to prevention, preparedness, response or recovery phases.
Disaster Management Sub-plan An appendix to a Disaster Management Plan, Sub-plans provide further detailed arrangements, methods and protocols relating to particular supporting activities undertaken by the disaster management groups and their member agencies.
Disaster Management System The Queensland’s disaster management system refers to the legislation, regulations, plans, standards, policies, technology systems, guidelines and associated publications in place to facilitate effective disaster management across the four phases of prevention, preparedness, response and recovery.
Disaster Management Website A platform for the Queensland Government to make disaster management information publically available (e.g. PPRR DM Guideline, Strategic policy Statement).
Disaster operations  Activities undertaken before, during or after an event happens to help reduce loss of human life, illness or injury to humans, property loss or damage, or damage to the environment, including, for example, activities to mitigate the adverse effects of an event.
Disaster Recovery Operations The phase of disaster operations that relates to recovering from a disaster.
Disaster Response Capability A ‘disaster response capability’ for local government means the ability to provide equipment and a suitable number of persons, using the resources available, to effectively manage or help another entity to manage an emergency situation or a disaster in the local government area.
Disaster Response Operations Disaster response operations means the phase of disaster operations that relates to responding to a disaster.
Disaster Risk Reduction Disaster risk reduction is aimed at preventing new and reducing existing disaster risk and managing residual risk, all of which contribute to strengthening resilience and therefore to the achievement of sustainable development.
Disaster Situation Means a disaster situation declared under s64(1) by the district disaster coordinator with the approval of the Minister or by the Minister or Premier s69 of the Disaster Management Act 2003.
District Disaster Coordinator The chairperson of a district group is also the district disaster coordinator of the district group.  The function of the district disaster coordinator is to coordinate disaster operations in the disaster district for the group.
District Disaster Management Group The group established under s22 of the Disaster Management Act 2003. The DDMG Provides whole-of-government planning and coordination capacity to support local governments in disaster management and operations. 
District Disaster Management Plan A plan prepared under s53 of the Disaster Management Act 2003 that documents planning and resource management to counter the effects of a disaster within the disaster district. 
District Executive Officer The Commissioner of the Queensland Police Service is to appoint a person as the executive officer of the district group.  The function of the executive officer of a district group is to support the group in the performance of its function, as directed by the chairperson of the district group.
District Recovery Group A district recovery group may be established by the DDMG to identify and prioritise their objectives in rebuilding and reconnecting after disaster across the impacted district.
Emergency Alert  A national telephone warning system that provides Australian emergency authorities with an enhanced ability to warn the community in the event of an emergency.  The warning system is another tool available for organisations to issue emergency warnings.  Emergency Alerts will be issued via landline and mobile telephones.
Emergency Alert Campaign A single approved message sent to telephone numbers in response to an event.
Emergency Alert Portal A secure platform for state, district and local groups; which provides a shared storage hub for pre-prepared Emergency Alert polygons and messages. 
Emergency Management Emergency management is also used, sometimes interchangeably, with the term disaster management, particularly in the context of biological and technological hazards and for health emergencies. While there is a large degree of overlap, an emergency can also relate to hazardous events that do not result in the serious disruption of the functioning of a community or society. 
Emergency Management Person A person appointed by the Australian Government Attorney-General under the Commonwealth Telecommunications Act 1997 with the authority to delegate access to the Location Based Number Store to classes of person. 
Emergency Supply Emergency supply is the acquisition of items and resources to assist in the protection of the community or its assets in the preparation for a disaster, or during the immediate aftermath of a disaster with the provision of resources that the Local Disaster Management Group is not able to secure through its established logistics sub-plan.
Essential Goods Essential goods' are considered to include:
- Basic foodstuffs – preferably either dried or tinned or otherwise packaged to last ‘on the shelf’ without special storage requirements by the isolated communities;
- Basic cleaners, disinfectants and the like to enable communities to maintain adequate hygiene practices (subject to clearance by the carrying agency);
- Baby foods, formula feeds for babies and nappies (the use of cloth nappies instead of ‘packaged’ nappies should be encouraged wherever possible)
- Foodstuffs other than above to meet special dietary requirements (on certification by an appropriate medical authority);
- Medicines and medical supplies, water purification tablets/treatments (subject to clearance by the carrying agency);
- Dried pet foods (tinned pet food should be obtained prior to isolation);
- Fuels (subject to clearance by the carrying agency) for essential motor transport, to keep electrical generators running to provide power for cooking, heating, lighting, refrigeration, water pumps and similar electrically powered appliances used to prepare or preserve food, maintain life, or provide purified water;
- Aviation fuel (subject to it being used for reconnaissance or to resupply local homesteads);
- Batteries (subject to clearance by the carrying agency) for powering transistor radios, or hand held/ portable radio transmitters/receivers;
- Other goods which, in the opinion of the Deputy Commissioner, Queensland Fire and Emergency Services (on advice from the appropriate authority), are deemed necessary to maintain the physical and/or psychological welfare of the inhabitants of the isolated communities.
Establishing the context Defining the external and internal parameters to be taken into account when managing risk, and setting the scope and risk criteria for the risk management activity. (Australian Emergency Management Institute, 2015)
Evacuation The planned movement of persons from an unsafe or potentially unsafe location to a safer location and their eventual return. 
Evacuation Centre A building located beyond a hazard to provide temporary accommodation, food and water until it is safe for evacuees to return to their homes or alternative temporary emergency accommodation. 
Evacuation Facilities Describe a variety of sites which may need to be established to accommodate people during an evacuation. Categories of evacuation facilities comprise:
-Evacuation centre
-Public cyclone shelter
-place of refuge
Evacuation Route A designated road, not anticipated to be adversely affected by the hazard, to be used for travel to a safer location.
Evacuation zone A designated exposed area from which people are evacuated.
Event An event means any of the following:
• a cyclone, earthquake, flood, storm, storm tide, tornado, tsunami, volcanic eruption or other natural happening
• an explosion or fire, a chemical, fuel or oil spill, or a gas leak
• an infestation, plague or epidemic
• a failure or, or disruption to, an essential service or infrastructure
• an attack against the state
• another event similar to an event mentioned above.
An event may be natural or caused by human acts or omissions.
Exercise A controlled, objective-driven activity used for testing, practising or evaluating processes or capabilities 
Exposed area An area that has been identified as being at threat from the effects of a hazard
Exposed Population The population that inhabit a potentially hazardous area (see exposed area). 
Exposure The elements within a given area that have been, or could be, subject to the impact of a particular hazard. Exposure is also sometimes referred to as the ‘elements at risk’. 
Form Operational or legislative forms required to be completed by disaster management stakeholders in order to perform, coordinate or direct a specific operation.
Functional Committees Functional committees are established to address specific issues associated with the delivery of disaster management functions within their particular district, based on requirements of the district and the Functional Lead Agency.
Functional Lead Agency An agency allocated responsibility to prepare for and provide a disaster management function and lead relevant organisations that provide a supporting role.
Functional Plan A functional plan is developed by lead agencies to address specific planning requirements attached to each function. Although the functional lead agency has primary responsibility, arrangements for the coordination of relevant organisations that play a supporting role are also to be outlined in these plans.
Functional Recovery Group Five functional recovery groups - Human and Social, Economic, Environment, Building and Roads and Transport, are responsible for supporting the delivery of recovery efforts across impacted communities.  The functional recovery groups leverage existing strong partnerships between local and state government to ensure close collaboration and coordination during the management of recovery activities.  The functional recovery groups provide a platform to coordinate effort by all agencies involved in recovery, this includes a multi-disciplinary approach to needs analysis, consequence management, community engagement, planning and service delivery.
Geospatial Relating to or denoting data that is associated with a particular location or that has a geographic component to it. These components can be in the form of coordinates, addresses or postcodes. (Australian Geospatial-Intelligence Organisation)
Handbook Specifically developed to describe a method to be undertaken in relation to a certain field e.g. Disaster Management Training Handbook, QEMRF Risk Assessment Handbook.
Hazard A process, phenomenon or human activity that may cause loss of life, injury or other health impacts, property damage, social and economic disruption or environmental degradation. (United Nations Office for Disaster Risk Reduction, 2017)
Hazard Specific Plan A hazard specific plan is developed by a state agency with assigned lead responsibility to address a particular hazard under the State Disaster Management Plan.
Hazard Specific Primary Agency An agency allocated responsibility to prepare for and respond to a specific hazard based on their legislated and/or technical capability and authority.
Hot debrief A hot debrief is conducted immediately after response operations conclude. Participants share learning points while their response experiences are fresh. 
Immediate Planning A process to develop plans which is event driven and based upon the development of situation awareness by assessing actual or impending event characteristics and projecting the potential impacts and consequences.
Lean Forward An operational state prior to 'stand up' characterised by a heightened level of situational awareness of a disaster event (either current or impending) and a state of operational readiness. Disaster coordination centres are on standby, prepared but not activated. 
Leaving Time Time taken in leaving the home. This includes collecting personal effects, enquiring regarding neighbours and friends and securing the premises.
Level of risk (or risk level) Magnitude of a risk, or a combination of risks, expressed in terms of the combination of vulnerability, consequence and their likelihood. 
Levels of Activation The Queensland Disaster Management Arrangements are activated using an escalation model based on the following levels:
• Alert - a heightened level of vigilance due to the possibility of an event in the area of responsibility. Some action may be required and the situation should be monitored by staff capable of assessing and preparing for the potential threat.
• Lean Forward - an operational state prior to 'stand up' characterised by a heightened level of situational awareness of a disaster event (either current or impending) and a state of operational readiness. Disaster coordination centres are on standby, prepared but not activated.
• Stand up - the operational state following 'lean forward' whereby resources are mobilised, personnel are activated and operational activities commenced. Disaster coordination centres are activated.
• Stand down - transition from responding to an event back to normal core business and/or continuance of recovery operations. There is no longer a requirement to respond to the event and the threat is no longer present.
Liaison Officer A person who liaises between a coordination centre and their home entity (e.g. SDCC and Energex) during disaster operations. Liaison officers communicate and coordinate their activities to achieve the best utilization of resources or services provided to the centre (e.g. provide technical or subject matter expertise, as well as, capability and capacity of their home entity).
Likelihood The chance of something happening whether defined, measured or determined objectively or subjectively, qualitatively or quantitatively and described using general terms or mathematically. (Standards Australia/ Standards New Zealand Standard Committee, 2009)
Link Disaster Management publications currently existing in the disaster management sector that are required to be linked with the Guideline.
Local Disaster Coordinator The person appointed as the local disaster coordinator under s35 of the Disaster Management Act 2003. The function of the local disaster coordinator is to coordinate disaster operations in the local government area for the local group.
Local Disaster Management Group The group established under s29 of the Disaster Management Act 2003, in place to support Local Government in the delivery of disaster management services and responsibilities in Preventing, Preparing for, Responding to and Recovering from Disaster events. 
Local Disaster Management Plan A plan prepared under s57 of the Disaster Management Act 2003 that documents arrangements to manage disaster planning and operations within the local government area of responsibility. 
Local Government Area A part of Queensland that is governed by a local government. 
Local Recovery Coordinator The Local Disaster Management Group may appoint a Local Recovery Coordinator to coordinate recovery at the local level.
Local Recovery Group A local recovery group may be established by the Local Disaster Management Group to provide coordination and oversight of functional recovery sub-groups and to identify and prioritise their objectives in rebuilding and reconnecting after a disaster.
Lockdown The period of time the cyclone shelter has: all windows and doors closed; all debris screens and shutters in place; all barrel bolts on external doors closed. 
Logistics The range of operational activities concerned with supply, handling, transportation and distribution of materials. Also applicable to the transportation of people. 
Manual Provides additional guidance and describes specific key responsibilities and/or how to manage, coordinate or operate a specific function across PPRR (e.g. Emergency Alert, Resupply, Evacuation etc.).
Map A diagrammatic representation of an area or location e.g. local or district disaster management group boundary map.
Mitigation Measures taken in advance of a disaster aimed at decreasing or eliminating its impact on society and the environment. (Australian Emergency Management Institute, 2015)
Monitoring Continual checking, supervising, critically observing or determining the status to identify change from the performance level required or expected. Monitoring can be applied to a risk management framework, risk management process, risk or control. (Australian Emergency Management Institute, 2015)
Natural hazard Those which are predominantly associated with natural processes and phenomena. (United Nations Office for Disaster Risk Reduction, 2017)
Neighbourhood safer places A local open space or building where people may gather, as a last resort, to seek shelter from bushfire
Network A group or system of interconnected people or things. (Australian Emergency Management Institute, 2015)
Node A point in a network at which lines or pathways intersect or branch. (Australian Emergency Management Institute, 2015)
Nominated service delivery entity Identified and assigned organisation that have established resources, capability and capacity to provide support for delivery of goods and services.
Non-Government Organisations Non-profit making organisation operating at the local, national, or international levels. Distinct from a governmental organisation, having no statutory ties with a national government.
Offers of Assistance The offering of financial donations, volunteers, goods and services from individuals, corporations, businesses or organisations.
Operational Plan An operational plan is a response plan which outlines a problem/concern/vulnerability and identifies the appropriate actions (what? who? how? when?) to address the situation. The operation plan sits within the disaster management plan and is developed after conducting a risk assessment.  
Place of Refuge An alternative or in addition to evacuation where individuals shelter within their homes, workplace or with family/friends if considered safe to do so.
Policy Provides a deliberate system of principles and statement of intent to guide decisions and achieve rational outcomes.
Polygon A Polygon is a closed 2-dimensional shape. Valid polygons in EA must only contain straight lines.
- Polygon ( straight sides)
- Not a valid Polygon (has a curve)
- Not a Polygon (open, not closed)
Preparedness  The taking of preparatory measures to ensure that, if an event occurs, communities, resources and services are able to cope with the effects of the event.
Prevention The taking of preventative measures to reduce the likelihood of an event occurring or, if an event occurs, to reduce the severity of the event. 
Phases of Disaster Management Prevention, Preparedness, Response and Recovery.
Prevention, Preparedness, Response and Recovery Disaster Management Guideline  This PPRR DM Guideline serves as the 'Guidelines about Disaster Management Plans' as set out in s 63 of the Disaster Management Act 2003 and informs the state group, district groups and local governments about matters relating to:
• the preparation of disaster management plans
• the matters to be included in a disaster management plan
• other matters about the operation of a district group or local group the Chief Executive considers appropriate having regard to disaster management for the state.
 
Public cyclone shelter A building designed, constructed and maintained in accordance with government requirements and provides protection to evacuees during a cyclone.
Queensland's Disaster Management Arrangements Whole-of-government arrangements to ensure the collaborative and effective coordination of planning, services, information and resources for comprehensive disaster management.
Queensland Disaster Management Committee The group established under s17 of the Disaster Management Act 2003. To make strategic decisions about Prevention, Preparedness, Response and Recovery for disaster events and to build Queensland's resilience to Disasters. 
Queensland Disaster Management Training Framework Outlines training courses to be undertaken by Queensland disaster management key stakeholder roles to support the effective performance of each identified role, in accordance with s16A(c) of the Disaster Management Act 2003.
Queensland Disaster Recovery Arrangements Queensland's Disaster Recovery Arrangements comprise a four tiered system: three levels of government – local, state and federal – and an additional state government tier between local and state levels known as disaster districts. These arrangements enable a collaborative approach that brings together all agencies, stakeholders and resources for planning and coordinating the delivery of recovery functions
Recovery The taking of appropriate measures to recover from an event, including the action taken to support disaster-affected communities in the reconstruction of infrastructure, the restoration of emotional, social, economic and physical wellbeing, and the restoration of the environment.
Redundancy Additional or alternative systems, sub-systems, assets, or processes that maintain a degree of overall functionality in case of loss or failure of another system, subsystem, asset, or process. (United Nations Office for Disaster Risk Reduction)
Reference Guide Provides additional considerations and information for disaster management stakeholders to achieve disaster management activities across PPRR.    
Relief Efforts to meet the needs of persons affected by a disaster, to minimise further loss through the provision of immediate shelter and basic human needs.
Recovery Hubs Recovery Hubs are established to provide a range of services to facilitate recovery including welfare, support, financial and emotional recovery services. Recovery Hubs are typically managed by the Department of Communities, Disability Services and Seniors. 
Residual risk The risk that remains in unmanaged form, even when effective disaster risk reduction measures are in place, and for which emergency response and recovery capacities must be maintained. (United Nations Office for Disaster Risk Reduction, 2017)
Resilience  A system or community's ability to rapidly accommodate and recover from the impacts of hazards, restore essential structures and desired functionality, and adapt to new circumstances.
Response The taking of appropriate measures to respond to an event, including action taken and measures planned in anticipation of, during, and immediately after an event to ensure that its effects are minimised and that persons affected by the event are given immediate relief and support. 
Resupply A response from the Queensland Government to ensure that essential goods remain available through the normal retail arrangements but the high cost of transport is not passed on to the retailer or consumer.
Rural Property Includes primary producers, outstations and small towns with no retail facilities.
Risk The concept of risk combines an understanding of the likelihood of a hazardous event occurring with an assessment of its impact represented by interactions between hazards, elements at risk and vulnerability.
  (Geoscience Australia)
Risk assessment An approach to determine the nature and extent of risk by analysing potential hazards and evaluating existing conditions of vulnerability that together could potentially harm exposed people, property, services, livelihoods and the environment on which they depend. (United Nations Office for Disaster Risk Reduction, 2015)
Risk control The implementation and enforcement of actions to control risk, and the periodic re-evaluation of the effectiveness of these actions. (Australian Emergency Management Institute, 2015)
Risk description Structured statement of risk usually containing five elements: sources, events, causes, vulnerability and consequences. (Australian Emergency Management Institute, 2015)
Risk evaluation The stage at which values and judgment enter the decision process, explicitly or implicitly, by including consideration of the importance of the estimated risks and the associated social, environmental and economic consequences, in order to identify a range of alternatives for managing the risks. (Australian Emergency Management Institute, 2015)
Risk identification The process of finding, recognising and describing risks. Risk identification involves the identification of risk sources, events, their causes and their potential consequences. Risk identification can involve [the use of] historical data, theoretical analysis, informed and expert opinions and stakeholders’ needs. (Australian Emergency Management Institute, 2015)
Risk management The systematic application of management policies, procedures and practices to the tasks of identifying, analysing, assessing, mitigating and monitoring risk. (Australian Emergency Management Institute, 2015)
Risk management framework A set of components that provide the foundations and organisational arrangements for designing, implementing, monitoring, reviewing and continually improving risk management throughout the organisation. (Australian Emergency Management Institute, 2015)
Risk Register A table, list or other representation of risk statements describing sources of risk and elements at risk with assigned consequences, likelihoods and levels of risk. Risk registers are produced by risk assessment processes, summarising the outputs of these processes to inform decision making about risks. Risk registers record the identification, analysis and evaluation of emergency risks. (Australian Emergency Management Institute, 2015)
Risk source An element which, alone or in combination, has the intrinsic potential to give rise to risk. A risk source can be tangible or intangible. (Australian Emergency Management Institute, 2015)
Risk tolerance An organisation’s (or jurisdiction’s) or stakeholder’s readiness to bear the risk, after risk treatment, to achieve its objectives. Risk tolerance can be influenced by legal or regulatory requirements. (Australian Emergency Management Institute, 2015)
Safer Location A variety of designated locations which are not anticipated to be adversely affected by the hazard. Categories of safer locations comprise:
• Shelter in place
• Neighbourhood safe places
• Friends and Family
• Assembly Points
Self-evacuation This is the self-initiated movement of people to safer places prior to, or in the absence of, official advice or warnings to evacuate. Some people may choose to leave early even in the absence of a hazard but based on a forecast. Safer places may include sheltering with family or friends who may live in a safer building or location. Self-evacuees manage their own withdrawal, including transportation arrangements. People are encouraged to evacuate early if they intend to evacuate.
Shelter in place An alternative or in addition to evacuation where individuals shelter within their homes, workplace or with family/friends if considered safe to do so.
Situational Awareness Situational awareness or situation awareness is the perception of environmental elements and events with respect to time or space, the comprehension of their meaning, and the projection of their status after some variable has changed, such as time, or some other variable, such as a predetermined event. It is also a field of study concerned with understanding of the environment critical to decision-makers
Situation Report A situational report (sitrep) is brief, updated regularly and captures accurate information from the day’s operations including a current and forecast situation. 
Socio-natural hazards Those associated with a combination of natural and anthropogenic factors, including environmental degradation and climate change. (United Nations Office for Disaster Risk Reduction, 2017)
Specific-Purpose Committee Either permanent or temporary, established under the authority of disaster management groups for specific purposes relating to disaster management.
Spontaneous Volunteers individuals or groups who are not skilled or trained to perform specific roles in disasters and are often not affiliated with an emergency or community organisation but are motivated to help. 
Stand Down Transition from responding to an event back to normal core business and/or continuance of recovery operations. There is no longer a requirement to respond to the event and the threat is no longer present.
Stand Up The operational state following 'lean forward' whereby resources are mobilised, personnel are activated and operational activities commenced. Disaster coordination centres are activated.
Standard Emergency Warning Signal A distinctive audio signal that alerts the community to the broadcast of an urgent message relating to a major emergency or disaster. It is intended for use as an alert signal to be played on public media such as radio, television and public address systems.
Standard Operating Procedures A set of directions detailing what actions could be taken, as well as how, when, by whom and why, for specific events or tasks.
State Disaster Coordination Group The State Disaster Coordination Group provides support to the role of State Disaster Coordinator including coordinating available resources and disaster response operations.
State Disaster Coordinator A person appointed under s21B of the Disaster Management Act 2003 who is responsible for the coordination of disaster response operations for the Queensland Disaster Management Committee.
State Disaster Management Plan A plan prepared under s49 of the Disaster Management Act 2003 that documents planning and resource management for disaster management for the state.
State Recovery Coordinator A person appointed under s21D of the Disaster Management Act 2003 who is responsible for the coordination of disaster recovery operations for the Queensland Disaster Management Committee.
State Recovery Policy and Planning Coordinator The Chief Executive Officer of the Queensland Reconstruction Authority.
Stranded Persons Small groups or individuals that are unable to access essential goods due to isolation and are away from their normal residence.
Sub-Groups Established by an Local Disaster Management Group, in a permanent or temporary capacity as required, to assist the group with its business (e.g. Evacuation Project Team, Local Recovery Group)
Template Provided to assist disaster management stakeholders achieve disaster management activities across PPRR.
Temporary Short Term Accommodation A stay in a safer location for a period in excess of 18 hours and may extend into days where provision of bedding and substantial meals is required.
Temporary Short Term Respite  A stay in a safer location for a period of between 1-18 hours where provision of bedding and substantial meals is not required.
The Queensland Government Disaster Management Website A platform for the Queensland Government to make disaster management information publically available, enabling a complete view of disaster management publications for users. 
Toolkit A suite of supporting publications which form part of the Guideline and include; policies, manuals, handbooks, reference guides, links, forms, templates, maps and diagrams. The toolkit is in place to assist disaster management stakeholders in disaster management responsibilities, functions and operations. 
Trained Volunteer Individuals formally affiliated with an emergency service organisation or NGO (e.g. State Emergency Service, Rural Fire Service, Salvation Army and service clubs) and act under their respective organisations’ direction and authority.
Voluntary Evacuation Also known as recommended evacuation is where an evacuation advice has been issued, with people strongly encouraged to consider enacting their evacuation plans. Voluntary evacuees manage their own withdrawal, including transportation arrangements.
Volunteers People who are formally affiliated with an emergency service organisation or non-government organisation, and act under the respective organisations direction and authority.
Vulnerability Vulnerability in relation to disaster events is a fluid and complex concept. The definition of vulnerability in the Qld Vulnerability Framework comprises three components:
• target group statement - people who would benefit from additional and targeted assistance to prepare for, respond to, and recover from disasters
• vulnerability indicators - for example proximity to an event, lack of financial resources, and disruption to, or lack of available services, supports/carers medication, aids and equipment
• four protective factors - wellbeing, connection, knowledge and security.

Acronyms

ADF Australian Defence Force
AG Attorney-General’s Department
AIDR The Australian Institute of Disaster Resilience
BoM Bureau of Meteorology
C2C Council to Council
CAP Common Alerting Protocol
CCC Crisis Coordination Centre (Australian Government)
CE Chief Executive
CEO Chief Executive Officer
DACC Defence Assistance to the Civil Community
DAF Department of Agriculture and Fisheries
DATSIP Department of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Partnerships
DCDSS Department of Communities, Disability Services and Seniors
DCSYW Department of Child Safety, Youth and Women
DDC District Disaster Coordinator
DDCC District Disaster Coordination Centre
DDMG District Disaster Management Group
DDMP District Disaster Management Plan
DE Department of Education
DES  Department of Environment and Science
DESBT Department of Employment, Small Business and Training
DHPW Department of Housing and Public Works
DIEMS Disaster, Incident and Event Management System
DITID Department of Innovation, Tourism, Industry Development and the Commonwealth Games
DJAG Department of Justice and Attorney-General
DLGRMA Department of Local Government, Racing and Multicultural Affairs
DM Disaster Management 
DM Portal Disaster Management Portal
DM Website The Queensland Government Disaster Management Website
Disaster Website Disaster Management Website
DMG Disaster Management Group
DMP Disaster Management Plan 
DNRME Department of Natural Resources, Mines and Energy
DoD Australian Department of Defence
DPC Department of the Premier of Cabinet
DRA Australian Government Disaster Recovery Allowance
DRA Disaster Relief Appeal
DRG District Recovery Group
DRP Disaster Recovery Payment
DSDMIP Department of State Development, Manufacturing, Infrastructure and Planning
DTMR Department of Transport and Main Roads
EA Emergency Alert 
EA Campaign Emergency Alert Campaign
EA Portal Emergency Alert Portal
EADRA Emergency Animal Disease Response Agreement 
EM Emergency Management
EMA Emergency Management Australia
EMAF Emergency Management Assurance Framework
EMC Emergency Management Coordinator
EMP Emergency Management Person
EMS Event Management System
EPPRD Emergency Plant Pest Response Deed 
EV CREW Emergency Volunteering Community Response to Extreme Weather
FRG Functional Recovery Group
GA Geoscience Australia
GCBF Gambling Community Benefit Fund
IGEM Inspector-General Emergency Management
JATWC Joint Australian Tsunami Warning Centre 
LBNS Location Based Number Store
LDC Local Disaster Coordinator
LDCC Local Disaster Coordination Centre
LDMG Local Disaster Management Group
Local Group  
LDMP Local Disaster Management Plan
Lead Agency Functional Lead Agency
LG Local Government
LGA Local Government Area
LGAQ Local Government Association of Queensland
LGGSP Local Government Grants and Subsidies Program
LO Liaison Officer
LRC Local Recovery Coordinator
LRG Local Recovery Group
NDRP Natural Disaster Resilience Program
NDRRA Natural Disaster Relief and Recovery Arrangements
NEBRA National Environmental Biosecurity Response Agreement 
NGO Non-Government Organisations
Office of the IGEM  Office of the Inspector-General Emergency Management
PDRA Premiers Disaster Relief Appeal Fund 
PPRR Phases of Disaster Management
PPRR DM Guideline Prevention, Preparedness, Response and Recovery Disaster Management Guideline 
The Guideline  
Primary Agency Hazard Specific Primary Agency
PSBA Public Safety Business Agency
QAS Queensland Ambulance Service
QDMC Queensland Disaster Management Committee
The State Group  
QDMTF Queensland Disaster Management Training Framework
QDRA Queensland Disaster Recovery Arrangements
QERMF Queensland Emergency Management Risk Framework
QFES Queensland Fire and Emergency Services
QHealth Queensland Health
QPS Queensland Police Service
QRA Queensland Reconstruction Authority
QRA Queensland Reconstruction Authority
SBRGP Small Business Recovery Grants Program 
SDC State Disaster Coordinator
SDCC State Disaster Coordination Centre
SDCG State Disaster Coordination Group
SDMP State Disaster Management Plan
SDRA State Disaster Relief Arrangements 
SES State Emergency Service
SEWS Standard Emergency Warning Signal
Sitrep Situation Report
SOP Standard Operating Procedures
SPS Queensland Disaster Management Strategic Policy Statement
SRC State Recovery Coordinator
SRDRP Sport and Recreation Disaster Recovery Program 
SRPPC State Recovery Policy and Planning Coordinator
The Act The Disaster Management Act 2003
The Deputy Premier The Deputy Premier of Queensland
The Minister The Minister for Fire and Emergency Services
The Premier The Premier of Queensland
The Regulation The Disaster Management Regulation 2014
The Standard The Standard for Disaster Management in Queensland
The Treasurer The Treasurer of Queensland
Treasury Queensland Treasury
UNISDR The United Nations Office for Disaster Risk Reduction
VQ Volunteering Queensland
W4Q Works for Queensland 
XO District Executive Officer