4.1 Preparedness arrangements
Coordinated action is essential when preparing for a
disaster. This includes the development of plans or arrangements based on risk
assessments and spans the full spectrum of disaster management phases: prevention,
preparedness, response and recovery.
Local governments, disaster districts and the state prepare
for disasters through a continuous cycle of risk management, planning, coordinating,
training, equipping, exercising, evaluating and taking corrective action to ensure
the effective coordination and response during disasters. Planning must occur
both as core business and during disaster events.
Effective disaster management planning for all hazards is a
key element of being prepared. Disaster management planning establishes
community networks and arrangements to reduce risks related to disaster
preparation, response and recovery. Disaster management plans allow all
disaster management stakeholders to understand their roles, responsibilities,
capability and capacity when responding to an event.
Key considerations for disaster management planning are
detailed in this chapter to ensure:
understanding of hazard exposures, vulnerabilities and triggers
community awareness, education, engagement, information and warnings
interoperability and capability development.
Figure 4.1 The above figure
illustrates the comprehensive disaster management planning approach