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4 Preparedness

4 Preparedness

​4.1 Preparedness arrangements

Coordinated action is essential when preparing for a disaster. This includes the development of plans or arrangements based on risk assessments and spans the full spectrum of disaster management phases: prevention, preparedness, response and recovery.

Local governments, disaster districts and the state prepare for disasters through a continuous cycle of risk management, planning, coordinating, training, equipping, exercising, evaluating and taking corrective action to ensure the effective coordination and response during disasters. Planning must occur both as core business and during disaster events.

Effective disaster management planning for all hazards is a key element of being prepared. Disaster management planning establishes community networks and arrangements to reduce risks related to disaster preparation, response and recovery. Disaster management plans allow all disaster management stakeholders to understand their roles, responsibilities, capability and capacity when responding to an event.

Key considerations for disaster management planning are detailed in this chapter to ensure:

  • understanding of hazard exposures, vulnerabilities and triggers

  • community awareness, education, engagement, information and warnings

  • collaboration

  • information sharing

  • interoperability and capability development.

 

Figure 4.1 The above figure illustrates the comprehensive disaster management planning approach