5.1 Response arrangements
The Act defines disaster response as the taking of appropriate measures to respond to an event, including action taken and measures planned in anticipation of, during, and immediately after an event to ensure that its effects are minimised and that persons affected by the event are given immediate relief and support.
The aim of response operations is to save lives, protect property and make an affected area safe. Accordingly, response is the operationalisation and implementation of plans and processes, and the organisation of activities to respond to an event and its aftermath.
5.1.1 Disaster operations
Disaster response and disaster recovery are key components of disaster operations.
Disaster operations is defined in section 15 of the Act as activities undertaken before, during or after an event happens to help reduce loss of human life, illness or injury to humans, property loss or damage, or damage to the environment, including, for example, activities to mitigate the adverse effects of the event.
The correlation between disaster response and recovery phases, levels of activation and stages of operations is illustrated below in Figure 5.1.
In accordance with section 4A of the Act, local governments
are primarily responsible for responding to disaster events in their LGA with
district and state levels providing appropriate resources and support.
220.127.116.11 Disaster recovery
The need for recovery may arise from a range of disaster
events, including natural and non-natural disasters such as floods, cyclones,
bushfires, acts of terrorism and major health emergencies, as well as animal
and plant diseases. Chapter 6: Recovery details this phase of disaster
Figure 5.1 The above Diagram shows the correlation between disaster response and recovery phases, levels of activation and stages of operations during a disaster operation.