2.1 Disaster Management in Queensland
Queensland's disaster management arrangements are characterised
by and implemented through strong partnerships between government,
government-owned corporations, NGOs, commerce and industry sectors and the
The arrangements recognise and promote collaboration to
ensure comprehensive disaster management through the effective coordination of
disaster risk planning, services, information and resources.
Queensland’s disaster management arrangements comprise a
four tiered system: three levels of government – local, state and federal – and
an additional state government tier between local and state levels known as
disaster districts. These disaster districts enable a more efficient and
effective operational service delivery in support of local communities and
address the size, complexity and diversity of Queensland.
2.1.1 Disaster Management Structures
Queensland's disaster management arrangements enable a progressive escalation of support and assistance through the four tiers as required as shown in Figure 2.1. These arrangements comprise several key management and coordination structures for achieving effective disaster management in Queensland.
The management and coordination structures are:
Disaster management groups that operate at local, district and state levels and are responsible for the planning, organisation, coordination and implementation of all measures to mitigate/prevent, prepare for, respond to and recover from disaster events.
Coordination centres at local, district and state levels that support disaster management groups in coordinating information, resources and services necessary for disaster operations.
Disaster management plans, developed to ensure appropriate disaster prevention, preparedness, response and recovery at local, district and state levels.
Functional lead agencies through which the disaster management functions and responsibilities of the state government are managed and coordinated.
Hazard specific primary agencies, responsible for the management and coordination of combating specific hazards.
Specific-purpose committees, either permanent or temporary, established under the authority of disaster management groups for specific purposes relating to disaster management.
Figure 2.1 Queensland's disaster management arrangements
2.1.2 Disaster Management Process
Local governments – through their respective LDMGs – have
primary responsibility to manage a disaster at the community level.
Accordingly, they are responsible for the development and implementation of
their Local Disaster Management Plan (LDMP).
If local governments identify gaps in their capacity or
capability to manage a potential disaster and require additional resources to
manage an event, they can request support from their DDMG. This allows for the
rapid mobilisation of resources at a local, regional or district level.
If district resources are inadequate or inappropriate,
requests for assistance can be passed to the state via the State Disaster
Coordination Centre (SDCC).
If state resources prove inadequate or inappropriate,
Australian Government support can be sought through the Attorney-General’s
2.1.3 Directions about Functions
The Act provides that written directions may be given to disaster management groups about the performance of their functions.
The QDMC Chairperson, the Premier of Queensland, may give written direction to a DDMG about the performance of the DDMG's functions to ensure those functions are performed appropriately. Before giving the direction, the Chairperson must consult with the District Disaster Coordinator (DDC) of the DDMG. It is the responsibility of the DDMG to comply with the direction.
The DDC of a DDMG may give an LDMG from within the district a written direction to ensure the performance of the LDMG's functions after consultation with the Chairperson of the LDMG. It is the responsibility of the LDMG to comply with the direction.